Aarresaari (Career services network of Finnish universities) has conducted Doctoral degree career monitoring since 2007. The survey is sent to people who have completed a doctoral degree 2–3 years after graduation. The aim of this national survey is to obtain information about the quality and appropriateness of the employment of individuals with postgraduate qualifications, the early development of their work careers and satisfaction with the degree completed.
Sectors of employment
Based on the data from the years 2012-2016, 33% of the UEF doctoral graduates remain at the university sector three years after the graduation. Universities are important employers specifically among the graduates from the Faculty of Social Sciences and Business Studies with 40% of them working in this sector. Municipalities employ 23% of all doctoral graduates, and 32% of the graduates from the Faculty of Health Sciences. Private enterprises are the third most important employer with 18%. As many as 30% of the graduates from the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Forestry are employed in the private sector. Government and governmental institutes employ 13% of the doctoral graduates. Universities of applied sciences, associations, and foundations employ altogether 8%, and 3% of the doctoral graduates are self-employed. The employment rate is 96% in total.
Benefits of the doctoral degree
Based on the date, 56% of the doctoral graduates had received a better salary, 61% more demanding professional duties and 55% more interesting professional duties. Less than a half (39%) reported that their chances of success had improved in the labour market: 30% had landed a new job with a new employer and 42% had received a better position in the present workplace.
Satisfaction with the doctoral degree
Even though the doctoral degree was not necessarily associated with monetary benefits, 96% of the respondents reported to be partly or fully satisfied with the direction of their career. The majority (76%) was satisfied with the doctoral degree, and 90% reported being able to apply the gained knowledge in their work. The doctoral degree had been a prerequisite for the job only for one third (29%) of the respondents but 90% considered it useful, and 77% thought that the job requirements corresponded with the doctoral degree.