Requirements for doctoral dissertation
A doctoral dissertation can be described as a scientific presentation based on independent research that promotes knowledge in the discipline in question (monography). A dissertation may also be composed of several scientific publications or manuscripts concerning the same research problem that have been accepted for publication or are intended to be published, and a conclusion based on these (article based dissertation). The university determines the sufficiency of the articles in the case of an article based dissertation.
In the Faculty of Science and Forestry, an article based dissertation
- is typically composed of 3 to 4 peer-reviewed scientific articles
- in composition of three scientific articles at least two (in mathematics one) and in composition of four (or more) scientific articles at least 50 % are required to be published or accepted for publication in international scientific journals using the peer-reviewing process.
- the doctoral candidate should be the main writer in at least two of the scientific articles. In the doctoral dissertation, the doctoral candidate must write a clarification on her/his part in each of the joint publications.
The Faculty has described the competence of post graduate student supervisors, preliminary examiners, examiners, opponent and custos as follows.
When the supervisors of the doctoral dissertation assess that the study is ready for reviewing, the doctoral student submits the work to be reviewed. Before submitting the manuscript of doctoral thesis should pass detection of plagiarism.
The doctoral dissertation must be checked with the plagiarism detection tool before submitting it to pre-examination. In the case of article-based dissertation, only unpublished parts (Abstract and manuscripts of scientific articles) will be checked. Plagiarism detection will be carried out with Turnitin, which is integrated in online learning environment Moodle.
- Supervisor delivers the name of the Moodle course to the doctoral candidate.
- The doctoral candidate uploads the manuscript of the dissertation to Turnitin assignment as a single file (.doc or .docx)
- The doctoral candidate informs the supervisor when the report is ready.
- The supervisor reviews the plagiarism detection report and discusses it with the doctoral candidate if necessary.
- The supervisor informs the Faculty on the result.
The doctoral candidate may independently check the previous versions of the dissertation and the manuscripts of the scientific articles in Student Turnitin. It will be possible to save the manuscript to the Turnitin database for future purposes.
Turnitin Guide for Students (in Wiki, requires login with UEF credentials).
If Moodle course is not available, it can be created in the following way:
- When doing it for the first time, the creator must accept the terms and conditions by logging in Turnitin-system using HAKA login.
- Moodle course will be created by filling in a Moodle course requests- form with course specifics.
- When the course has been added on Moodle environment, the Turnitin assignment will be added by clicking "Add an activity or recourse".
The doctoral student fills in, for their part, the form Proposal for Preliminary Examiners/ Printing Permission (to be updated). The main supervisor of the doctoral dissertation makes a proposition about the preliminary examiners by using the same form. The form shall also be signed either by the Head of the Department/ School or by the Person in Charge of the Academic Subject.
The preliminary examiners must come from outside the University of Eastern Finland and hold a professorship, docentship, or a corresponding scientific qualification. If a person holding a docentship is presented as a preliminary examiner, her/ his up-to-date list of publications must be attached to the proposal. The grounds for disqualification determined by the administrative law are considered when appointing the examiners.
An electronic copy of the thesis manuscript and the above mentioned form shall be submitted to the Faculty, to Executive Assistant Satu Turunen, satu.turunen(at)uef.fi, tel. 040 355 3698. For more information please contact Satu Turunen in Kuopio or Head of Academic Affairs Kaisa Laitinen, kaisa.laitinen(at)uef.fi, tel. 050 432 7573 in Joensuu.
The Dean of the Faculty makes a decision on the preliminary examiners. The Faculty´s officer informs the preliminary examiners about the decision and provides them with a copy of the doctoral dissertation as well as instructions for the preparation of the preliminary examiners’ statement. The preliminary examiners must give their statements within two months after receiving the documents.
Instructions for formulating the pre-examiner’s statement
Permission for public examination of doctoral dissertation
When the statements arrive at the Faculty, they are forwarded to the doctoral candidate and his or her main supervisor by email. If the statements are favourable and the doctoral candidate has no objections to them, the Dean grants a permission for the thesis defence. If the pre-examiner/-s, however, require changes and/or corrections to be made to the thesis manuscript, the main supervisor submits to the Faculty his or her statement confirming that the doctoral candidate has made the required modifications. The Dean can not grant a permission for the thesis defence prior the Faculty has received the main supervisor’s confirmation. The student does not need to submit a separate application for a permission for the thesis defence.
The Faculty sends the decision for the information of the doctoral candidate, the main supervisor of the doctoral dissertation, and to the Head of Department or School of the doctoral candidate by email.
Appointment of opponent and custos
The Dean appoints the opponent and the custos. After receiving a permission for public examination, the doctoral student and the main supervisor fill in the form proposing an opponent and a custos (to be updated). According to the Degree Regulations of the University of Eastern Finland, the opponent must come from outside the University of Eastern Finland and be at least a docent or hold a corresponding scientific qualification. The Faculty recommends that the opponent be a person holding a professorship. However, if a person holding a docentship is presented as the opponent, her/ his up-to-date list of publications must be attached to the application. A professor from the faculty operates as the custos (chairperson) of the public examination.
Custos represents the University at the public examination. The Faculty recommends that the custos be a professor or an associate professor at the University of Eastern Finland, but a main supervisor holding a docent’s qualification can also act as a custos.
The doctoral student submits the proposal, signed by either the Head of the Department/Unit or the person in charge of the academic subject, by the main supervisor, and by the doctoral student her-/himself, to the Faculty to Coordinator Anna-Leena Nylund, anna-leena.nylund(at)uef.fi, tel. 040 355 2882 . The Dean appoints the opponent and the custos on the basis of the proposal. The Faculty sends the decision by email to the doctoral student, the opponent, the custos, the head and the study secretary of the department or school, as well as the Communications and Media Relations of the University (also to the main supervisor if she/he is not appointed as the custos). In the process, the opponent is given the faculty instructions for formulating a written statement regarding the public examination.
Instructions for opponent
Approval of doctoral dissertation
Within two weeks after the public examination, the opponent issues her/ his written statement on the doctoral dissertation and on the public defence of it to the Faculty, to Coordinator Anna-Leena Nylund. In the statement, the opponent presents a proposal to accept the doctoral dissertation on the grading scale of ‘approved’ to ‘approved with distinction’. The Faculty sends the statement to the doctoral candidate, and if she/he has no remarks on the statement, the doctoral dissertation is submitted to the Faculty Council for approval. If the opponent proposes the grade ‘approved with distinction’, the pre-examiners of the doctoral dissertation will be consulted with regard to grading.
Finally, the Faculty Council approves and grades the doctoral dissertation. The final thesis will be recorded in the study register by Faculty Administration.
The Dean has been delegated the right to approve and grade doctoral dissertation on the basis of the opponents’ statements between the semesters, that is, between the last Faculty Council meeting of an academic semester and the first Faculty Council meeting of next academic semester