University glossary

Abstract A brief summary at the beginning of a research article.

Academic quarter Lectures and lessons at the university start 15 minutes after the full hour, unless otherwise specified. E.g. a 10–12 lecture starts at 10.15. If the lecture or lesson was specified to start at 10.00, it will start at ten o’clock. Exams always start on the full hour.

Academic subject tutor is a university staff member who helps new students in planning their studies, for example.

Academic term, Academic year See Academic calendar

Advanced studies are studies that can be started after completing the basic and intermediate studies. Advanced studies were previously called laudatur studies.


Alumnus, Alumni A person who has graduated from university, see: Alumni

Amanuensis is a university job title. The tasks of the Amanuensis may vary greatly, from administrative duties to teaching and research.

Annual sticker indicates the student card’s period of validity.

Approbatur is an old name for basic studies. ‘Approbatur’ also means the lowest grade given for a master’s thesis, for example.

Bachelor’s degree is a lower university degree 180 ECTS credits.

Basic studies are a study module of roughly 25 ECTS credits for learning the basics of the academic subject.

Book exam is taking an examination on the literature associated with a course. Literature specified in advance or agreed with the examiner is read for the exam.

Campus means the university area. The University of Eastern Finland has two campuses located in Joensuu and Kuopio.

Certificate of student status is an official document that the student can use to prove that they have registered as present at the university. Another name for the document is ‘certificate of attendance’.

Course is an object of studies referred to in the faculty’s degree requirements or the curriculum. The scope of a course is expressed in ECTS credits. See also Section 20 of the Degree Regulations.
Study module is broader than a course, and it may be comprised of several courses.

Course books Literature associated with a course. The university’s libraries have a separate collection of course books and have at least one copy of every course book used at the university. Course books can be borrowed, or some can only be read at the library.

Curriculum A study programme

Dean leads operations at the faculty and acts as the chair of the Faculty Council. The Dean is elected from among the professors of the Faculty Council.

Degree studies refer to bachelor’s, master’s, licentiate or doctoral studies that lead to a degree.

Demonstration or demo A presentation or exercise associated with a lecture or practical work

Diploma Supplement (DS) is an attachment to the diploma intended for international use. it contains additional information on the degree in question, on the educational institute, and on the education system of the country in which the diploma was issued.

Dissertation is a thesis that forms part of doctoral degree studies, defended by the author in a public examination of the dissertation. A dissertation can be an independent study or a combination of several articles or publications.

Docent is a person who has the capacity for independent research as demonstrated by publications or some other manner, and has teaching qualifications in their own field. Docents can also participate in research work.

Doctoral degree is the highest level of degrees in the university. Achieving a doctoral degree requires completing academic postgraduate studies and writing a dissertation.

ECTS credit A unit of measurement for studies, used to indicate the scope of a course. One ECTS credit equals 27 hours of work.

Electronic exam An exam that can be taken by the student any time they want, using an electronic exam system. See: Electronic exams: facilities and practices

Essay A short piece of writing in which a specific topic is discussed from various perspectives based on source literature. Writing an essay can serve as an alternative way of completing a course.

Exam is short for examination.

Examination is a formal test that you take to show your knowledge or ability in a particular subject, or to obtain a qualification.

Examination of the dissertation is a public event in which the person pursuing the doctoral degree publicly defends his/her dissertation.

Faculty is the university’s administrative unit led by a dean; inside a faculty there are departments, schools and academic subjects. Faculty Council is the highest decision-making organ in the faculty’s administration. The Faculty Council also has student members. Faculty is also used when referring to academic staff members i.e. professors and senior lecturers.

Flexible study right studies see JOO – flexible study right studies

Flipped learning means changing the teaching so that subjects are studied independently before they are discussed in a lesson, and during the lesson new issues learned are being analysed and put into practice.

FSHS Finnish Student Health Services

General examination/exam is for taking an exam on predefined literature.

Gradu see Pro gradu

Intermediate studies A study module of roughly 35 ECTS credits, to be started after completing the basic studies. Intermediate studies Studies are divided into basic and intermediate studies, which focus on the theory of a specific academic subject and on monitoring scientific development. It is recommended to finish the basic studies before starting on intermediate studies. The scope of intermediate studies is usually at least 35 ECTS credits.

ISYY The Student Union of the University of Eastern Finland

JOO studies, see: JOO – flexible study right studies

Kamu is a digital working environment for students, i.e. where you are right now. See: What is Kamu?

Karonkka a traditional post-doctoral party to honour the opponent after the defence of a dissertation.

Laudatur may refer to advanced studies or the highest grade given for a thesis.

Lecture An oral presentation given for the purpose of teaching.

Licentiate A postgraduate degree for which studying can be started after completing an upper university degree.

Literature review is a summary of another text without adding anything to it.

Lower university degree see Bachelor’s degree

Lukari an electronic timetable

Major subject Studying at the university is based on a major subject or study programme. Major subject means the academic subject in which the student has been granted the right to pursue a degree. Major subject studies comprise basic, intermediate and advanced studies in which the focus is on the content, key concepts, theories and research methods of the discipline or academic subject.

Master’s degree is started after completing the bachelor’s degree. In the study programmes for medicine and dentistry student complete a licentiate degree.

Master’s degree programme A study programme that only includes advanced studies. A lower university degree or other comparable studies must be completed before starting a master’s degree programme.

Master’s thesis (pro gradu) is an academic paper written at the end stage of advanced studies with the aim of enhancing student academic research skills.

Maturity test is taken by writing on the same subject as the bachelor’s or master’s thesis after it is complete. The maturity test is for demonstrating that the student is familiar with the discipline of the thesis, as well as the student’s proficiency in their native language. Department is the smallest unit in which teaching and research is organised. A department may have one or more academic subjects.

Meal subsidy is part of the student benefits, see: Campus restaurants and lunch menus

Minor subject In addition to major subject studies, the degree structure often includes minor subjects. The nature, scope and amount of minor subjects varies between degrees; you need to check the study guide for potential restrictions.

Moodle e-learning environment

Oodi student register, see WebOodi

Open University offers university studies for everyone. Open University does not offer the opportunity to complete a degree, but it can serve as a path to studying at the university. At the University of Eastern Finland, open university studies are provided by Aducate.

Oppari A space that students can use for studying independently or in a group, and where IT support is also available. See Oppari – services for students

Opponent is a person who takes an opposite position in a debate. An opponent for a dissertation, for example.

Personal study plan (PSP) The student’s plan outlining which studies to take, how, when and in what order. A person designated by the academic subject can provide assistance in drawing up the personal study plan; they can be the personal study plan supervisor or the tutor for the academic subject. See: Personal study plan

Plagiarism is quoting someone else’s text without their permission or without an appropriate reference to the source.

Postgraduate studies Studies taken after completing a Master’s degree.

Professor is a public servant with a doctoral degree, who conducts academic research, steers research carried out in their academic subject, and teaches in their own field of expertise. Professors usually act as the head of the academic subject.

Proseminar is a intermediate studies course for familiarising students with academic research. The proseminar course includes writing a short study.

Representative council is the highest decision-making body of the Student Union. The representatives are elected every two years. All student union members have the right to vote in the council election.

RPL Recognition and accreditation of prior learning, see Recognition of prior learning

Special arrangements A student may have an injury or disability due to which they need special arrangements to guarantee their smooth completion of studies. See: Accessibility in studies – aids and facilities

Student association, see: Student Union ISYY and Student Associations

Study programme Studying at the university is based on a major subject or study programme. Study programme is a multidisciplinary study module for which scientific (and also very often professional) objectives have been set. A study programme does not necessarily comprise major and minor subjects.

Student registered as absent cannot attend or complete courses and is not entitled to student benefits or financial aid. See Registration as being present or absent.

Student registered as present is a degree student who has paid the student union membership fee. A student who has registered as present can attend and complete courses and is entitled to student benefits and financial aid.

Student union membership fee is mandatory for all undergraduate students who have registered as present at the university. The membership fee is determined annually by the Student Union. See: Student Union membership fees

Study guide is a faculty-specific or discipline-specific publication that contains the degree structures and information on the courses.

Subject combinations The degree studied comprises usually a major subject and one or more minor subjects, which together form the subject combination for the degree.

Thesis Writing a thesis is a requirement for all university degrees. The different thesis types are bachelor’s thesis, master’s thesis, licentiate thesis, and doctoral dissertation.

Tutor is a small-group supervisor. Tutors are fellow students who help the first-year students to get started in their studies.

Transcript of records contains all the courses completed by the student, the grades given and the ECTS credits accumulated. See Transcript of academic records and study certificate

Upper university degree See Master’s degree

WebOodi is an online service of the student register in which students can take care of annual registration, register for courses and exams, change their address details, browse their record of completed studies, and draw up a personal study plan (PSP). The study guides and information on the courses offered at the university are also available in WebOodi.